Industry 4.0: What is and how it will revolutionize your production
Industry 4.0? Have you ever stopped to think that the most basic technologies that are part of our daily lives came from great scientific and technological revolutions? From machinery in factories to the computer or smartphone through which you read these blog posts.
All this was only possible with great discoveries and inventions, which in turn forever changed the formation of society and its daily life.
And although we talk a lot more about the first three industrial revolutions, we haven’t stopped evolving! So today you’ll discover what Industry 4.0 is and why industry and the world we know is experiencing an industrial revolution for the fourth time.
What is it and what were the industrial revolutions
Industrial revolutions are transitions driven by the development of new technologies. that transform production processes and socioeconomic aspects, impacting people’s daily lives and societies’ way of life.
To understand the changes in the industry that the world has seen since the 18th century, it is important to know what characterizes an industrial revolution.
First, not every discovery or invention is capable of transforming the industry alone and being considered a revolution. The second aspect of this phenomenon is that revolutions did not really happen overnight, nor were they immediate or sudden.
First Industrial Revolution
Considered the initial milestone of the industry, with the emergence of steam and water machines.
Europe from the 1760s to 1850s, from the pioneer England, witnessed a good part of the manufacturing work being replaced by machinery, mainly in the textile sector.
It was the revolution of profound changes in the modes of production, in the forces and labor relations, and in the organization of society as a whole.
Second Industrial Revolution
Also known as the Technological Revolution, the Second Industrial Revolution had intense technological development and scientific advances, mainly in medicine. It had its beginning around the second half of the 19th century, lasting until the end of World War II, in 1945.
Railroads, electricity, and oil as a source of energy were important impulses for this second revolution, even more, grandiose than its predecessors The telegraph also played an important role, changing the form of communication in the 19th century, which would continue to happen in the following decades.
Third Industrial Revolution
The so-called Techno-scientific Informational Revolution was a milestone not only for the development of industry sectors but also for Science and Communications.
It started around the 1950s and, over the years, we have seen the emergence of the first computer, its evolution into home computers, the birth of the internet, the first programming languages, and other revolutions for telecommunications and the digital world that we know it today.
What is Industry 4.0 or the Fourth Industrial Revolution
Industry 4.0, or the Fourth Industrial Revolution, is a new stage in the development of industry driven by disruptive technologies that converge and unite the physical, biological, and digital worlds. The purpose of this merger is to automate and make production processes increasingly optimized, intelligent, connected, and digital.
As a result, Industry 4.0 will be more efficient in several aspects: quality, cost and resource savings, security, errors and rework, data transparency, decision making, among others.
After centuries of significant technological advances in different sectors, the world is entering a new revolution, integrating Computing, Engineering, Biology, Robotics, and other areas of knowledge.
Technologies coming from these areas of knowledge are shaping the future of the industry and starting the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Klaus Schwab, German economist and founder of the World Economic Forum, coined the term Industry 4.0.
Far beyond a new phase in the industrialization process, Schwab defined this new era as a paradigm shift, something never seen before and that will change the world we know.
And despite looking like a futuristic reality, Industry 4.0 tends to intensify in the next five or ten years.
Industry 4.0 Technologies
Despite looking like a sci-fi movie script or a very distant reality, this fusion of the physical, digital, and biological worlds are already taking place.
While many of the technologies that underpin Industry 4.0 are in advanced development, there is still a lot to discover and some challenges for their implementation. Even so, we have a very palpable disruptive future ahead of us. Get to know some of these core technologies for Industry 4.0:
Additive Manufacturing of industry 4.0
What has become known as 3D Printing is one of the key technologies for Industry 4.0. Additive manufacturing allows the construction of products from digital models. Its use is increasingly common in several sectors, such as in the health area, in prostheses and medical supplies, in the automobile sector, in the manufacture of consumer goods, among others.
Just to illustrate some of the advantages of this technology, we have a faster and lower cost in the manufacture of parts, the possibility of customizations and creation of complex products, in addition to saving raw materials and energy, are some of them.
With such optimization in production, it is clear why Additive Manufacturing is one of the bases for Industry 4.0.
This is likely to be the most curious of the core technologies of Industry 4.0. Synthetic Biology, or SynBio, is about the possibility of personalization and reprogramming of living organisms through the application of knowledge in biology, chemistry, mathematics, engineering, and science of science.
From the understanding of how the organism works in comparison to electronic circuits, it is possible to redesign or modify its biological system. In this way, a solution is created for some limitation or an improvement of the living organism.
And that’s where Synthetic Biology starts to drive Industry 4.0. Biodegradable materials, biosynthetic, and more resistant plants without the use of pesticides are some of SynBio’s packaged wonders.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a set of computing technologies that seek to simulate human intelligence and its capacity for learning, reasoning, problem-solving, and decision making.
One of the pillars of Industry 4.0 is the collection and analysis of constant information to improve the knowledge and capacity of Artificial Intelligence to make decisions and solve problems on its own.
Thus, when applied to industry and combined with other technologies, AI provides:
- Fast, real-time reporting and analysis of data and information
- Automated and simplified processes
- Favorable conditions for decision making and creation of more agile strategies
- machine monitoring
- Identification of problems and impediments in the progress of production
- Security and maintenance need detection
- Increased performance in general
Internet of Things (IoT)
We humans are not the only ones connected to each other on social networks and internet apps. After all, this technology that is so present in our routines is also basic for the functionality of various devices that use the so-called Internet of Things.
The Internet of Things (IoT, acronym for Internet of Things) is the concept of a network of physical devices connected digitally and communicating with each other over the internet. One of the main goals of the Internet of Things is to make devices easier to use and automate tasks.
This automation ranges from scheduling tasks for a certain time to detecting danger or problems, in the case of using the IoT for security and monitoring functions.
Finally, one of the most important bases in Industry 4.0, alongside the A.I. and from IoT is the cyber-physical system, a fusion of the physical world, of machines, to the digital world, of software.
From information sent by the machines to the software, it is possible to generate data that enable the analysis, monitoring, and control of the machinery by Artificial Intelligence.
The Internet of Things, in turn, acts when the reading and action on the obtained data are performed by another machine connected to this information network.
Industry 4.0 Benefits
Despite requiring adaptation and preparation to leave the industry’s traditional linearity, in addition to greater investment in technologies, this digital transformation is capable of returning great results, which add up as the technologies themselves are improved.
And while it may seem distant to most small and medium-sized companies, Industry 4.0 is not just tangible for the giants. Adapting business for the 4.0 future can be done gradually, but it is essential that it takes place to remain competitive in the market.
The benefits, on the other hand, are plenty of reasons to be part of this digital revolution.
Some of the gains with the implementation of 4.0 technologies
- Productivity: An interconnected system results in greater productivity, reducing errors, bottlenecks and getting more done in a short time.
- Efficiency: Automation makes everything more efficient, taking advantage of all the useful time for production, predicting bottlenecks and speeding up decision-making.
- Reduction of costs and waste: Optimized processes and intelligence used to calculate the greatest use of raw material guarantees the reduction or even the end of waste. Early detection of maintenance needs also helps to save money.
- Sustainability and energy savings: The environmental impact of an industry 4.0 on the environment is, by nature and principles, much smaller. From economy and better use of energy sources to control of resources and raw materials.
- Fewer errors and rework: Reducing tasks performed by people also reduces the amount of human error and rework in production.
- Customization: 4.0 technologies make it possible and cheaper to customize products for customers, without major impact on production.
- Information transparency: Data collection is constant and available in real time, facilitating decision-making and knowledge about costs, performance, productivity, among others.
- Safety and Failure Prevention: Without a doubt, 4.0 factories are safer, as they deprive humans of performing risky tasks. Failure prevention and maintenance need detection are also advantages of cyber-physical systems intelligence.
Audaces takes your production to Industry 4.0
All the promises and benefits of Industry 4.0 technologies are within reach of fashion manufacturers. The protagonist of the First Industrial Revolution, the Textile Industry has enormous growth potential with the digital transformation of the fourth revolution.
Cutting Room 4.07
From software to the intelligent and automated cutting room, in a complete fusion between the digital and the physical.
Audaces are present throughout the entire production cycle, from creation to execution, being able to improve systems and generate more and more positive results.
Not all clothing manufacturers are aware of the power that automation and digitization have on the growth of the textile industry’s business.
But companies that have already plunged into this transition to the 4.0 future are already seeing results never before achieved with more traditional technologies.
The benefits of an automated cutting room are numerous, but the guarantee of greater productivity and the quick financial return of an intelligent and integrated system are some of the decisive factors for a confection to become even more profitable and competitive.
And Audaces is prepared to revolutionize your production. Get to know our cutting room equipment by requesting contact with one of our consultants.
Audaces 360 is an innovative concept of integrating the creative and productive stages that guarantee the success of the collections.
By optimizing talent and production steps, the result is greater productivity, profitability, intelligent resource management, and much more profit.
The Audaces 360 tools were created to make digital clothing but in a simple and intuitive way. Each tool is connected to the other, sharing data and information in real-time, automating steps, and optimizing production time.
To find out more about how all these technologies will boost your company’s growth, download our special ebook for free and understand how Audaces will take your production to Industry 4.0.