The differences between Industry 3.0 and industry 4.0: technology and innovation
It may not seem like it, but the differences between Industry 3.0 and Industry 4.0 are many and extremely significant to all of us. The history of society is told parallel to the course of evolution in the way of producing and consuming products.
Since the First Industrial Revolution, in the 17th century, we have, over time, found new ways to interact with inputs and produce consumer goods, including the garments that are part of the Fashion Industry – which, in turn, it has also undergone intense changes over the centuries.
The journey, from 1.0 to the latest 4.0, is full of details that deserve to be shared. For this reason, the Audaces blog has prepared rich content with the history of the industry up to its present moment and what we can expect from the 4.0 Revolution.
Follow the reading and know everything about the subject:
The path of Industry – from 1.0 to the present day
The history of Industry can be divided into 3 great moments or Revolutions. Historically, they were responsible for significantly transforming socioeconomic relations, as well as directly impacting the structure of society in their times.
First Industrial Revolution – Industry 1.0
The first great moment of the industry happened in the 17th century, in England. The so-called First Industrial Revolution was responsible for introducing manufacturing as a production model – large quantities in less time.
This is thanks to the use of coal and steam as energy sources. For this reason, this moment of Industry is known for the great steam engines, such as the loom, gears, trains, ships, etc.
The impact of this transformation was intense. In Europe, trade relations have become centered on manufacturing, which is faster and cheaper than handcrafting.
Second Industrial Revolution – Industry 2.0
Later, in the 19th century, the discovery of electricity and oil made Industry go through a new Revolution. The replacement of steam engines by electric ones provided industries with an increase in productive efficiency, which further accelerated the production pace of the two previous centuries.
Also during this period, new ways of thinking and organizing assembly lines were introduced. Fordism, in essence, streamlined the production of manufactures by defining that each group of workers should make a specific part of the production, and no longer the complete product as it used to function until then.
This model became popular and was fundamental for the development of assembly lines as we have them today. All these transformations also impacted societies around the world.
Third Industrial Revolution – Industry 3.0
The Third Industrial Revolution, responsible for implementing Industry 3.0 in the world, took place in the 70s and was largely responsible for introducing the concept of automation in factories.
That is, replacing human work with intelligent machines, programs, and algorithms that partially performed the work, making it faster and more efficient.
Currently, we are in a transition period for a new phase of production, the so-called Industry 4.0, in which the technological issue becomes even more evident and necessary for the industrial sector.
Industry 4.0 – know its characteristics
As new technologies are created, new forms of human-machine interaction are created. But, in general, they all have common goals: facilitating processes, shortening distances, generating profits.
In Industry, these technologies are added to those developed during centuries of development to create a new form of production, Industry 4.0 which, even in its implementation phase, is already responsible for a true revolution in production and management.
We call Industry 4.0 the application of data, information, and communications technologies within the production chain, through concepts such as Big Data, IoT (internet of things), BI (business intelligence), robotics, and the like. The main objective is to achieve high levels of automation and information integration across different sectors.
The use of hyper-technological solutions and super-intelligent machines is one of the main characteristics of the 4.0 Revolution, in addition to the integration of areas such as Engineering, Robotics, IT, and Biology.
As a result, there is a more agile, assertive, economical, transparent, and integrated production method in all aspects.
Differences between Industry 3.0 and Industry 4.0
Although the distinction between 3.0 and 4.0 industries is evident, there are still many doubts around the subject — whether due to ignorance of the existence of the Fourth Revolution or the limits of the Third Revolution in terms of automation. Therefore, we have separated the main differences between them, check out:
- Despite being focused on automation, Industry 3.0 is limited to physical systems, while version 4.0 is focused on cyber-physical systems, that is, real and virtual at the same time;
- Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the forerunner of Industry 4.0. Through it, concepts such as machine learning (intelligent machines), BI, large data management, voice processing and synthesis, and many other attributes that provide automation are integrated;
- The level of integration in Industry 3.0 is concentrated across sectors — each has its information computerized and accessible on its local servers. In the Fourth Revolution, all data is available to all industries (the goal is full integration and 360 management).
In practice, there are many other differences between versions 3.0 and 4.0 of the Industry. However, it is noteworthy that the technological degree is the main difference factor since the Third Revolution happened decades ago and the Fourth Revolution is guided by the technologies of today (and of the future).
Now that you know the difference between the 3.0 x 4.0 industry, how about finding out more about future technologies for the fashion industry? Follow the Audaces blog to find out everything about the Fashion Industry and Technologies.